The media office of the Minister of Labor, Mustafa Bayram, distributed a decision bearing No. 96/1 regarding the professions that should be restricted to Lebanese only. It states the following:

“The Minister of Labour,

Based on Decree No. 8376 of 09/10/2021 (Formation of the Government),

Based on the law issued on July 10, 1962 (relating to entry and exit from Lebanon),

Based on Decree No. 17561 of September 18 1964 and its amendments, especially Articles 8 and 9 (regulating the work of foreigners),

Based on Circular No. 4/1 dated 10/4/2021 (reminding that preference should be given to the Lebanese worker to work in public administrations, institutions, municipalities and banks),

Based on the requirements of the public interest, and taking into account the economic conditions that necessitated a review of the list of professions whose practice should be restricted to Lebanese,

It decides the following:

Article One: The following are among the jobs and professions that the Ministry of Labor deems necessary to be restricted to Lebanese citizens only:

1- All business of whatever nature with public administrations, public institutions and municipalities.

2- Professions regulated by law and which restrict the right to practice to those who join the Profession Syndicate and after obtaining a license from the competent authority when necessary (such as: law, engineering, medicine, pharmacy, topographer…).

3- All commercial business, import and export, wholesale or retail sale of all types of goods and merchandise.

4- Businesses related to the tourism professions of all kinds (institutions intended for accommodation, establishments intended for providing food and drink, establishments that invest in equipment and construction of a touristic nature or with touristic purposes, the establishment of tourist festivals, travel and tourism agencies and tourist transport) so that the Lebanese are restricted to practicing tourism professions, not Sima: manager of a tourist establishment, receptionist, room worker, cook, chef, diner, chef and assistant chef specializing in Arabic food, lounge worker, maintenance and equipment for tourist establishments, lifeguard, observer, and coach of tourism activities (ski swimming…), swimming pool worker Tour guide, bus driver or touring car driver and other related professions.

5- All businesses of whatever nature in the banking, financial, accounting and insurance sectors
6- Administrative work in all its forms, whatever the institution or company, including: the chairman of the board of directors, the director, the deputy director, the head of the personnel department, the treasurer, the accountant, the secretary, the clerk, the notary, the archivist – the commercial representative, the marketing representative, the works observer, Business observer, warehouse keeper, information entry, clerk, inspector, purchasing officer, quality audit, sales manager, public relations, archivist. 7- Business related to the health sector: all businesses in pharmacies, drug stores, laboratories, clinics, radiology centers, hospitals, eyeglasses stores, medical equipment, cosmetics centers, nutritional supplements, psychiatric treatment, and nursing work of all kinds. 8- Works related to educational professions in pre-university, vocational and technical education, including: teacher or teacher, except for teaching foreign languages ​​when necessary, researcher, overseer, director, library management, book coordination, nursery school and other works. 9- Media and advertising related works: advertising design, promotion, advertisements, public relations, broadcaster, journalist and media with the exception of the reporter, program presenter, producer, director, cartoonist, editor, programmer, screenwriter, writer, and the like. 10- In the construction and works sector: trade and industry of building materials, surveying and mapping works, clearing construction transactions, electrical wiring and industry, installation and maintenance of electrical networks and lighting, installation of plasterboard, aluminum, iron, wood, decoration and plumbing, and all works related to construction work, supervision, implementation, follow-up and management, unless The employer was a company and the workers were registered in the name of the company and within the percentages established in the regulations in force. 11- Craft professions not regulated by law, whether there is a trade union or not, especially and for example:

  • Manufacture and sale of jewelry of all kinds, including precious stones.
  • Tailoring, fashion design, dressmaking, clothing repair, knitting and embroidery, and clothing manufacture and trade.
  • Ironing and laundry. Women’s and men’s hairdressing salons, decorating, beautification, make-up and all professions related to decorating and beautification work. Printing, binding and publishing works.
  • The work of butchers, manufacture, sale and cooking of all kinds of meat.
  • Sea fishing, industry and trade of all marine products Manufacture, sale and trade of eastern and western sweets. Manufacture, sale and trade in and cooking vegetables and fruits and all kinds of foods, including pastries, whether in the form of manakish, pizza, pies, sfiha, or others. Manufacture and trade of dairy, cheese and all dairy products. Manufacture, sale and trade of nuts, dried fruits, coffee and tea.
  • Mechanics, blacksmithing, paint, electrical, tires, car oil spare parts and all moving vehicles.
  • At the gas stations, the work of filling gasoline, diesel oil and oil change.
  • Blacksmithing works of all kinds and painting.
  • Manufacture of furniture, upholstery, trading and painting furniture. Photography or videography, photo and film design, and all work related to the photography sector and artistic production. Libraries: Selling stationery and books and photocopying books and documents.
  • Electronic business: maintenance, repair, programming, sale and trade: cellular, electrical and telephone devices of all kinds, refrigeration air conditioners, machines of all kinds and computers.
  • Maintenance, repair, operation, programming and extension of Internet networks and programming, including programming and managing websites, working in Internet distribution companies, Internet service companies and all work related to this sector. Maintenance of generators, collection of subscription bills, and electricians. 12- Service professions: the attendant, the guard, the private security, the driver, the delivery worker, the receptionist and customer service worker, the caretaker, the oven workers, the sellers in supermarkets and supermarkets, the factory workers, and the cleaners in universities, hospitals, schools and hotels. 13- In general, all jobs and professions that Lebanese workers are available to occupy. Article Two: Exceptions: 1- Palestinians born on Lebanese soil and officially registered in the records of the Lebanese Ministry of Interior and Municipalities, and the foreigner whose mother is Lebanese or married to a Lebanese woman, and those born in Lebanon who are holders of a Maktoumi card, are excluded from the provisions of Article 1. 2- It is up to the Minister to grant a work permit to a foreign worker of the third category, and as an exception to the principle of restricting professions to Lebanese in the event that no Lebanese are available, provided that the ratios of foreign workers to Lebanese must be taken into account, so that the general ratio in all the mentioned institutions and interests, for example, is three Lebanese for each A foreigner, excepted from this ratio: restaurants, where the ratio is five Lebanese against a foreigner, and in establishments that employ cleaning workers or delivery workers, or work of washing, lubricating, and ovens, so that the ratio is a Lebanese man against a foreigner. As for the establishments that undertake construction work, the ratio is one Lebanese to three foreigners. 3- The Minister may also grant an exception to a company or institution by bringing in foreigners, provided that the justification for the request is based on serious and convincing reasons. Article Three: In implementation of Article 74 of Law No. 220 of May 29, 2000 (relating to the rights of persons with disabilities), employers in the private sector in which the number of employees is not less than thirty (30) and not more than sixty (60) are obligated to employ one wage from Persons with disabilities, who have the required qualifications. But if the number of employees in the institution exceeds sixty, the employer or institution is obliged to employ persons with disabilities at a rate of at least three percent (3%) of its employees, who fulfill the required qualifications. The National Social Security Fund must verify the good application of the obligation of employers to employ persons with disabilities, and it must not issue a clearance for the violating employer. Article Four: It is not permissible to grant prior approval and renew the work permit to foreign employers, if it leads to circumvention of this decision. Fifth Article: The foreigner’s profession is clearly defined in the application that cannot be interpreted in more than one way, and every application that includes the word expert, technician, coordinator, specialist advisor, specialist, and the like is rejected, so that the type of expertise, coordination or technical work must be specified. Or the consultant or the specialist subject of the work permit. Article Six: The list of professions that foreigners are entitled to practice and which are listed on the ministry’s website and reported to the Public Security shall be canceled and considered as if they were not, and it is prohibited to rely on or apply them. The leave and initial approval shall specify the category to which the worker belongs. Article Seven: Compulsorily included in the work permit application file, or initial or prior approval, the decision to license the profession for the applicant or for the institution in which he works in the event that the regulations require obtaining a license to practice a profession, for example: 1- For a tourist company or establishment (of all kinds): the decision to license the establishment and investment of a tourist establishment from the Ministry of Tourism (according to the provisions of Decree No. 2- For a massage center: the license granted in accordance with the accelerated draft law issued by Decree No. 9827 dated 06.22.1962 (related to medical and cosmetic massage) and holding the governor’s approval that the center fulfills health conditions, public safety and morals. 3- For sports associations and clubs: a statement or decision establishing the association or club. 4- For classified establishments: The decision to license the practice of the profession is issued by the Governor or the Qaimqam. 5- For factories: The decision to license the establishment of a factory from the Ministry of Industry. 6- Beauty centers and hairdressing and decorating salons: presenting a health certificate and an attestation of observing the condition of the distance between salons specified in the union’s bylaws. Article 8: The initial or prior consent is personal and cannot be assigned to a third party. Article Nine: The reconsideration must be justified and substantiated by documents, and submitted to the Minister accompanied by a review by the competent department about the legality of the request, its fulfillment of the statutory conditions, and the justifications for responding to it. Article Ten: Work permit and prior approval are among the advertising decisions whose effect is limited to the application of the conditions of the holder to the laws and regulations in force. The applicant shall bear the responsibility for the accuracy of the data, and in the event of a violation, the license or prior approval shall be recovered, and the penalties prescribed in the applicable regulations shall be applied to the violator and the applicant. Article Eleven: Every violation of the provisions of this decision exposes the violator to accountability. Article Twelve: Any text contrary to the provisions of this resolution shall be cancelled. Thirteenth Article: This decision shall be published in the Official Gazette and shall come into force from the date of its publication.
  • Source :El Nashra

By sarah

Sarah Othman, biochemistry student, holds a master's degree 1 from the Lebanese University. Seeking to obtain a second degree in the field of informatics. She works in the media field at Rahal Global News. Interested in cultural, artistic and news matters. A teacher in a school, and a private teacher . Holding laboratory experience in a government hospital and in private laboratories.