written by Sarah Osman

The World Bank stated that one mother and six children in Yemen die every two hours as a result of the deterioration of health services, as a result of the seven-year conflict. 1.2 million pregnant or breastfeeding women and 2.3 million children under five require treatment for acute malnutrition.
This came in a World Bank study on the health sector in Yemen until last September, in which it confirmed the deterioration of health conditions amid the current conflict, including:
1-high levels of malnutrition among children,
2-low immunization rates,
3-and the spread of communicable diseases,
which exacerbated Maternal and child health in particular.
According to the latest estimates, conflict became the third leading cause of death, after coronary heart disease and neonatal disease.

The World Bank indicated that the health sector in Yemen is suffering of :
1-armed conflict,
2-economic deterioration,
3-and institutional collapse – all of which has been going on for a long time –
4-and that the availability of functioning health infrastructure facilities, such as hospitals and primary care centers, has become hard to obtain under the weight of the conflict .
According to the study, a large proportion of the population faces challenges in accessing health care, as only 50% of health facilities are working at full capacity, and more than 80% of the population face major challenges in obtaining food, drinking water and health care services.

The study showed that the lack of human resources, equipment and supplies constituted a stumbling block in the way of providing health care services. The conflict has also exacerbated health challenges and weak management of the health care sector, and she said that the decline in external funding for the health sector, coupled with unprecedented challenges such as the “Corona” pandemic, is raising a state of instability about the future of health services in Yemen, where 1.2 million pregnant women or lactating women and 2.3 million children under five years of age are required to be treated for acute malnutrition.
Those who suffer from chronic health conditions are endowed with grave risks, especially with the deterioration of treatment for chronic conditions “as the conflict led to the actual collapse of basic social services,” including the fragile health care system, in addition to the exposure of health facilities to damage or destruction, due to the “Corona” pandemic.

According to the study, health care workers were often targeted throughout the years of conflict, which resulted in a decrease in the availability of infrastructure and human resources needed to provide services, and the outbreak of the Corona virus, floods, locust outbreaks and climate-related hazards exacerbated the effects of the conflict on citizens. and various systems.
the study showed , that cholera and dengue fever, have increased pressure on the already dire humanitarian situation . “Death rates from it are high, estimated at 25%, and the pandemic has reduced the demand for routine health services such as immunization and maternal care.”
The suspension of flights due to the pandemic has impeded the regular movement of humanitarian staff. Yemen ranks 193 out of 195 countries in terms of its ability to deal with epidemics. Moreover, since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic and the resulting downturn in the global economy, major donors have reduced and aid suspended in northern Yemen, which has led to a great deal of instability in health services in addition to the risks associated with the COVID-19 pandemic.

Depending on the study, there are prominent obstacles on the humanitarian front, such as restrictions on imports, military checkpoints on humanitarian routes, as well as bureaucratic restrictions on the front lines that impede the delivery of aid. Also, the official figures for the number of deaths resulting from infection with the Corona virus are likely underestimated, given that testing is still limited. According to WHO statistics, only 26,000 tests have been conducted, less than one test per 1,000 people, well below the average in other countries in the region. Researchers from the United Kingdom estimated the deaths of more than 2,100 due to the “Corona” pandemic in Aden Governorate alone from April to September 2020, based on the analysis of satellite images of cemetery sites.

source : Aden24.net

#Yemen #world bank #the medical section

By sarah

Sarah Othman, biochemistry student, holds a master's degree 1 from the Lebanese University. Seeking to obtain a second degree in the field of informatics. She works in the media field at Rahal Global News. Interested in cultural, artistic and news matters. A teacher in a school, and a private teacher . Holding laboratory experience in a government hospital and in private laboratories.